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TYPES OF DISTRACTION

What are the types of distraction?

There are three main types of distraction:

  • Visual: taking your eyes off the road;
  • Manual: taking your hands off the wheel; and
  • Cognitive: taking your mind off of driving.2

Distracted driving activities ...
Distracted driving activities include things like using a cell phone, texting, and eating. Using in-vehicle technologies (such as navigation systems) can also be sources of distraction. While any of these distractions can endanger the driver and others, texting while driving is especially dangerous because it combines all three types of distraction.

THE PROBLEM

How big is the problem?

Deaths ...

  • In 2013, 3,154 people were killed in crashes involving a distracted driver, compared to 3,328 in 2012.

Injuries ...

  • In 2013, 424,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving a distracted driver, an almost 10% increase since 2011.
  • In 2013, nearly one in five crashes (18%) in which someone was injured involved distracted driving.

RISK FACTORS

What are the risk factors?

Activities ...

  • Some activities—such as texting—take the driver's attention away from driving more frequently and for longer periods than other distractions.
  • At 55 mph, the average text takes your eyes off the road long enough to cover a football field.

Young adult and teen drivers ...

  • Drivers under the age of 20 have the highest proportion of distraction-related fatal crashes.
  • The national The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors health-risk behaviors among high school
    students, including sending texts while driving.
    • In 2013, more than two out of five students who drove in the past 30 days sent a text or email while driving.
    • Those who text while driving are nearly twice as likely to ride with a driver who has been drinking.
    • Students who frequently text while driving are more likely to ride with a drinking driver or drink and drive than students who text while driving less frequently.

PREVENTION

What is being done?

States ...

  • Many states are enacting laws—such as banning texting while driving, or using graduated driver licensing systems for teen drivers—to help raise awareness about the dangers of distracted driving and to keep it from occurring. However, the effectiveness of cell phone and texting laws on decreasing distracted driving-related crashes requires further study. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety keeps track of such laws.

Federal government ...

  • On September 30, 2009, President Obama issued an executive order prohibiting federal employees from texting while driving on government business or with government equipment.
  • On September 17, 2010, the Federal Railroad Administration banned cell phone and electronic device use of employees on the job.
  • On October 27, 2010, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration enacted a ban that prohibits commercial vehicle drivers from texting while driving.
  • In 2011, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration banned all hand-held cell phone use by commercial drivers and drivers carrying hazardous materials.

CDC RESEARCH

What are CDC's research and program activities in this area?

CDC distracted driving study ...
A CDC study analyzed 2011 data on distracted driving, including talking on a cell phone or reading or sending texts or emails behind the wheel.5 The researchers compared the prevalence of talking on a cell phone or texting or emailing while driving in the United States and seven European countries: Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Key findings included the following:

Talking on a cell phone while driving ...

  • 69% of drivers in the United States ages 18-64 reported that they had talked on their cell phone while driving within the 30 days before they were surveyed.
  • In Europe, this percentage ranged from 21% in the United Kingdom to 59% in Portugal.

Texting or emailing while driving ...

  • 31% of U.S. drivers ages 18-64 reported that they had read or sent text messages or email messages while driving at least once within the 30 days before they were surveyed.
  • In Europe, this percentage ranged from 15% in Spain to 31% in Portugal.
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Mission Statement

Did you know that over 5,000 people die each year from distracted driving in the United States alone?

Did you also know that studies show that texting while driving impairs a driver in the same manner as being legally intoxicated?

That's why KSNF, KODE, and Fourstateshomepage.com are teaming up with First Missouri Insurance, and Freeman Health System to bring you Four States No Text Zone ! This is a new program meant to do one thing: get all drivers in the four state area to pledge to never text while driving.

Help us put the brakes on texting and driving. Click below and sign the pledge, visit any of our sponsors to pick up your thumb band, and then follow through on your word. We're all counting on you.